More than half complain of severe or very severe headaches, significantly affecting and limiting their social and work activities with some confined to bed 3

Your lifestyle has a lot to do with preventing the frequency and intensity of migraines and headaches, whether it’s cluster or tension headaches, or a migraine.1

Back to top

Things you can do to help prevent or reduce the frequency of migraines and/or headaches:


Alcohol, chocolate, aged cheeses, and other foods can trigger a tension headache or migraine. But if you know certain foods are a problem for you, limit how often you eat them.


Basing your diet primarily on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats (and limiting foods that trigger an attack) is a good way to prevent migraines and/or headaches. Also, don’t skip meals. Skipping meals makes you hungry, which can trigger a migraine.


Sleep helps keep your immune system strong, wards off depression and anxiety, and promote deep relaxation. Poor sleeping habits, a lack of sleep, or too much sleep can actually trigger a migraine or tension headache.


Besides dietary and lifestyle changes mentioned herein, it is also recommended that you keep well hydrated, as well as consider taking a magnesium supplement daily, increasing intake prior to your menstrual cycle.


Poor posture (e.g., hunching over a computer all day) can strain your head, neck, and shoulder muscles, leading to a migraine or headache. Check yourself throughout the day and correct your posture.
• Are your shoulders hunched?
• Is your spine straight?

By making some adjustments to your posture, it may help reduce the frequency of migraines and tension headaches.


Smoking not only damages your lungs, but it can also increase your headaches and other symptoms.

By avoiding things you know that may set off a migraine or headache and incorporating healthy habits, you can actually help to reduce the number of migraines or headaches you experience. 1

Exercising may be beneficial for migraines and headaches as it boosts your mood giving you a feeling of well-being, decreases your sensitivity to pain due to the release of endorphins (the ‘feel good’ hormones), promotes a healthy sleep pattern, which also lowers stress levels. 3

Back to top

Some exercise ideas that can help you manage migraines and headaches

Biking, swimming, and walking are great ways to fit in aerobic exercise and help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines and headaches. 3

Meditation exercises, deep breathing, and other relaxation techniques can ease your mind and your pain by helping you focus on the present moment as well as helping you foster a positive attitude. 3

Yoga poses and other types of stretching can help reduce muscle tightness and tension in the head, neck, and shoulders. This is important because when these muscles are tight, it can make migraine and headache symptoms worse. Yoga helps loosen these muscles as well as helps reduce stress. 3

Back to top

Limit high-impact exercise 3

When you have migraines and/or headaches, intense exercise, such as running, can aggravate head pain and other symptoms. 3

Back to top

Warm up and cool down 3

For every workout, aim to warm up for 10 minutes and cool down for 10 minutes. 3

Medical References

1. Practical Pain Management. 7 Lifestyle Tips to Help Prevent Migraines and Headaches. [cited 12 June 2018]. Available from: https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/patient/conditions/headache.

2. Can you prevent Menstrual Migraines? – Holistic Health and Wellness. [cited 16 July 2018]. Available from: https://holistic-healthandwellness.com.

3. Practical Pain Management. Exercise Tips for Migraines and Headaches. 7 Lifestyle Tips to Help Prevent Migraines and Headaches. [cited 21 June 2018]. Available from: https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/patient/conditions/headache

Mental Health
Infant Health

For more health information

Click on the body area you want to know more about. Select a related health topic from the menu

Select a body area


World Immunization Week

World Immunization week 24 - 30 April 2022



Warts and how to remove them


Minor Cuts and Scratches

How to treat cracked fingers and heels


Corns and Calluses

How to get rid of a corn / how to remove a corn / how to treat a corn



Will there be a flu season this year?

Content Disclaimer:
You understand and acknowledge that all users of the Dis-Chem website or app are responsible for their own medical care, treatment, and oversight. All of the content provided on the website, are for INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The content is not intended to establish a standard of care to be followed by a user of the website. You understand and acknowledge that you should always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health. You also understand and acknowledge that you should never disregard or delay seeking medical advice relating to treatment or standard of care because of information contained in or transmitted through the website. Medical information changes constantly. Therefore the information on this website or on the linked websites should not be considered current, complete or exhaustive, nor should you rely on such information to recommend a course of treatment for you or any other individual. Reliance on any information provided on this website or any linked websites is solely at your own risk.
Back to top