Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

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Hormone replacement therapy is medications used to replace female hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) that are depleted in the body and are no longer produced by the body during menopause. 2, 3 HRT should generally be started before the age of 60 and within ten years of menopause for maximum benefit - if it is clearly indicated and personal risk factors have been considered, HRT can be in the form of cream or gels, vaginal rings, tablets and skin patches. 1
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  • Treatment of menopause symptoms.
  • To prevent osteoporosis in older women (>55 years) and bone loss in women with premature menopause (<40 years).
  • Symptoms which indicate urogenital atrophy.
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  • History of thromboembolism.
  • Thrombophilia (conditions that affect the normal balance of coagulation factors in the blood, with a risk of forming blood clots.).
  • History of chronic heart disease or stroke.
  • Current or history of breast, endometrial or other oestrogen dependent cancers.
  • Liver disease.
  • Undiagnosed cause of persistent urinary tract bleeding.
  • Hypertension that is untreated.
  • Porphyria.
  • Severe migraines.
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  • Heart disease.
  • Stroke.
  • Blood clots.
  • Breast cancer.
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  • Breast tenderness.
  • Breakthrough bleeding.
  • Bloating.
  • Nausea.
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  • Sensation of smoking.
  • Eating a healthy balanced diet
  • Managing stress
  • managing chronic conditions you may have such as high cholesterol, blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disorders
  • Cessation of smoking
  • Limit the alcohol that you consume.
  • Wearing loose clothing.

Medical References

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