Asthma Treatment

Health Window logo

Asthma is a chronic condition – this means that it cannot be cured and will require treatment to manage the symptoms. Once under control you can live a moderately normal life

LIFESTYLE CHANGES

The management of asthma requires some lifestyle changes such as: 

  • Knowing your triggers and avoiding them as much as possible
  • If you are a smoker, try and reduce the number of cigarettes per day or better yet, quit smoking
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Monitor your symptoms to see whether your medication is working

TREATMENT

Asthma medication can be divided into two groups.

  • THE CONTROLLERS: This drug is a steroid and works on preventing inflammation. Controller medication does not give immediate relief, it is tempting to stop taking them because it takes a long time to work. However, controllers play a vital role in preventing severe asthma attacks and preventing long-term damage to the airways. These must be used every day. An example of a controller is a long-acting beta 2 agonist (Salmeterol and Formoterol).
  • THE RELIEVERS: This drug as the name suggests temporarily relieves the symptoms. It does not control the inflammation; it simply relaxes the tiny muscles surrounding the airways, allowing more air to flow through. These are used only when needed. And example of a reliever is a short-acting beta 2 agonist ( Salbutamol or Fenoterol).

Both medication groups are essential in the treatment of asthma. It is important to stress the importance of using these inhalers correctly in order to get the proper dosage of  medication. With enough practice, the technique of using an inhaler properly can be mastered.

Written by Dr Ruusa Shivute | Health Window

References: Wu TD, Brigham EP, McCormack MC. Asthma in the Primary Care Setting. Med Clin North Am. 2019 May;103(3):435-452


Content Disclaimer:
You understand and acknowledge that all users of the Dis-Chem website or app are responsible for their own medical care, treatment, and oversight. All of the content provided on the website, are for INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The content is not intended to establish a standard of care to be followed by a user of the website. You understand and acknowledge that you should always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health. You also understand and acknowledge that you should never disregard or delay seeking medical advice relating to treatment or standard of care because of information contained in or transmitted through the website. Medical information changes constantly. Therefore the information on this website or on the linked websites should not be considered current, complete or exhaustive, nor should you rely on such information to recommend a course of treatment for you or any other individual. Reliance on any information provided on this website or any linked websites is solely at your own risk.
Back to top